QA-20

Q & A #20 What are the 10 events in the Decathlon? What order?



Decathlon

The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word decathlon is of Greek origin, from δέκα (déka, meaning "ten") and ἄθλος (áthlos, or ἄθλον, áthlon, meaning "feat"). Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved.[1] The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.

Traditionally, the title of "World's Greatest Athlete" has been given to the man who wins the Olympic decathlon. This began when King Gustav V of Sweden told Jim Thorpe, "You, sir, are the world's greatest athlete" after Thorpe won the decathlon at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912.[2] The currentdecathlon world record holder is American Ashton Eaton, who scored 9,039 points at the 2012 United States Olympic Trials.[3]

The event developed from the ancient pentathlon. Pentathlon competitions were held at the ancient Greek Olympics. Pentathlons involved five disciplines – long jumpdiscus throwjavelin throwsprint and a wrestling match.[4] Introduced in Olympia during 708 BC, the competition was extremely popular for many centuries. By the 6th century BC, pentathlons had become part of religious games. The Amateur Athletic Union held "all around events" from the 1880s and a decathlon first appeared on the Olympic athletics program at the 1904 Games.[5]

Men's decathlon

The vast majority of international and top level men's decathlons are divided into a two-day competition, with the track and field events held in the order below. Traditionally, all decathletes who finished the event do a round of honour together after the competition, rather than just the winner or medalling athletes.

Day 1

Day 2

Women's decathlon

At major championships, the women's equivalent of the decathlon is the seven-event heptathlon; prior to 1981 it was the five-event pentathlon.[6] However, in 2001 the IAAF approved scoring tables for women's decathlon; the current world record holder is Austra Skujytė of Lithuania.[7] Women's disciplines differ from men's in the same way as for standalone events: the shot, discus and javelin weigh less, and the sprint hurdles uses lower hurdles over 100 m rather than 110 m. The points tables used are the same as for the heptathlon in the shared events. The schedule of events differs from the men's decathlon, with the field events switched between day one and day two; this is to avoid scheduling conflicts when men's and women's decathlon competitions take place simultaneously.[8]

 

Day 1

 

Day 2


Benchmarks

Split evenly between the events, the following table shows the benchmark levels needed to earn 1000, 900, 800 and 700 points in each sport.

Event

1,000 pts

900 pts

800 pts

700 pts

Units

100 m

10.395

10.827

11.278

11.756

Seconds

Long jump

7.76

7.36

6.941

6.51

Metres

Shot put

18.4

16.79

15.16

13.53

Metres

High jump

2.20

2.10

1.99

1.88

Metres

400 m

46.17

48.19

50.32

52.58

Seconds

110 m hurdles

13.8

14.59

15.419

16.29

Seconds

Discus throw

56.17

51.4

46.59

41.72

Metres

Pole vault

5.28

4.96

4.63

4.29

Metres

Javelin throw

77.19

70.67

64.09

57.45

Metres

1500 m

3:53.79

4:07.42

4:21.77

4:36.96

Minutes:Seconds


Records

The current world record holder for the decathlon is Ashton Eaton of the United States, with a score of 9039 points set during the 2012 Olympic trials in Eugene, Oregon.[12]

Record

Score

Athlete

Year

World

9,039

 Ashton Eaton (USA)

2012

World junior

8,397

 Torsten Voss (GDR)

1982

Continental records

Africa

8,332

 Larbi Bouraada (ALG)

2012

Asia

8,725

 Dmitriy Karpov (KAZ)

2004

Europe

9,026

 Roman Šebrle (CZE)

2001

North, Central America

and Caribbean

9,039

 Ashton Eaton (USA)

2012

Oceania

8,490

 Jagan Hames (AUS)

1998

South America

8,291

 Tito Steiner (ARG)

1983





Decathlon bests

The total decathlon score for all world records in the respective events would be 12,544. The total decathlon score for all the best performances achieved during decathlons is 10,485. The difference column shows what percentage less the decathlon record is in event scoring (i.e. meters, seconds etc.) and the numerical difference in decathlon points (other than the totals section, which shows a percent difference in decathlon points as well). The relative differences in points are much higher in throwing events than in running and jumping events.

World records (WR) compared to decathlon bests (DB)
EventWR–World record/
DB–Decathlon best
AthleteRecordScoreDifferenceRef
100 m
WR Usain Bolt (JAM)9.58 s1,202158
DB Ashton Eaton (USA)10.21 s1,0446.58%[13]
Long jump
WR Mike Powell (USA)8.95 m1,312192
DB Ashton Eaton (USA)8.23 m1,1208.04%[14]
Shot put
WR Randy Barnes (USA)23.12 m1,295247
DB Edy Hubacher (SUI)19.17 m1,04817.08%
High jump
WR Javier Sotomayor (CUB)2.45 m1,244183
DB Rolf Beilschmidt (GDR) &
 Christian Schenk (GDR)
2.27 m1,0617.35%
400 m
WR Michael Johnson (USA)43.18 s1,156131
DB Bill Toomey (USA) &
 Ashton Eaton (USA) [15]
45.68 s1,0255.79%[16]
110 m hurdles
WR Aries Merritt (USA)12.80 s113591
DB Ashton Eaton (USA)13.35 s1,0444.66%
Discus throw
WR Jürgen Schult (GDR)74.08 m1,383390
DB Bryan Clay (USA)55.87 m99324.58%
Pole vault
WR Sergey Bubka (UKR)6.14 m1,277125
DB Tim Lobinger (GER)5.76 m1,1526.19%
Javelin throw
WR Jan Železný (CZE)98.48 m1,331291
DB Peter Blank (FRG)79.80 m1,04018.80%
1500 m
WR Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR)3 m 26.00 s1,218255
DB Robert Baker (USA)3 m 58.70 s96315.87%
TotalWorld record12,5532,063
Decathlon10,48516.43%


















 

 


Printer Friendly
Ashton Eaton

ASHTON EATON

Event: Decathlon
Height: 6-1
Weight: 185
PR: Decathlon - 9,039 WR (2012); Heptathlon - 6,645iWR (2012)
Born: 01/21/1988
Current Residence: Eugene, Ore.
Hometown: Bend, Ore.
High School: Mountain View (Ore.) HS ‘06
College: Oregon ‘10
Coach: Harry Marra
Agent: Paul Doyle
Sponsor: Nike
Club: Oregon TC Elite
Twitter
Facebook
USA Championships
Two-time USA Outdoor champion - 2011 (8,729); 2012 (9,039 WR)
2012 USA Indoor long jump champion (8.06m/26-5.5)
2009 USA Outdoor runner-up (8,075)

International Championships
2012 Olympic gold medalist (8,869)
2012 World Indoor gold medalist (6,645WR)
2011 World Outdoor silver medalist (8,505)
  
Collegiate Championships
Three-time NCAA decathlon champion - 2008 (8,055); 2009 (8,241); 2010 (8,457)
Two-time NCAA heptathlon champion – 2009 (5,988); 2010 (6,499)
Three-time Pac-10 champion - 2008 (7,604); 2009 (8,091); 2010 (8,154)
 
Awards and Honors
2012 Jesse Owens Athlete of the Year Award winner
2010 Bowerman Award winner
2010 USTFCCCA Outdoor and Indoor Field Athlete of the Year
World decathlon (9,039) and indoor heptathlon record holder (6,645)
 
About Ashton
In just three total multi-event competitions for Eaton in 2012, the former Oregon Duck standout set two world records and won an Olympic gold medal. He stole the stage during a rain-soaked Olympic Trials when he broke an 11-year old world record in the decathlon with 9,039 points. Needing to run 4:16.23 in the 1,500 meters to set the record, competitor Curtis Beach waved him through the finish in 4:14.48 before a deafening Hayward Field home crowd. Not giving the decathlon a thought until after high school, Eaton has improved his personal best by more than 900 points since 2008 and has set the world record in the indoor heptathlon three years in a row. When he first broke Dan O' Brien's heptathlon mark in 2010, he broke a record set when he was just five years old. Eaton qualified for his first World Outdoor Championships team in 2009 where he placed 18th. With quick, explosive events and just one throwing event, he indicated the heptathlon he is best suited. A one-man wrecking crew, at the 2008 Pac-10 Outdoor Championships, Eaton scored points for the Oregon Ducks in a total of five different events (decathlon, 200m, long jump, 4x100m and 4x400m). One of only four Ducks to ever break 8,000 points in the decathlon, as a prep star in Mountain View, Ore., he won Oregon 4A state titles as a senior in 2006 in the 400 meters (48.69) and long jump (24-0 1/4w), and was runner-up in the 200 meters (22.10) to land athlete of the meet honors. Also lettered in football as a running back and wrestled. His grandfather, James Eaton, was a Michigan State halfback. Engaged to Oregon heptathlete and Canadian Olympian Brianne Theisen.



Comments